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Welcome! The Clamshell Alliance was founded in 1976 to take nonviolent direct action against the construction of the Seabrook, New Hampshire nuclear reactors. Until the early 1990’s, the Clamshell organized numerous actions at Seabrook and beyond, utilizing civil disobedience plus educational and awareness-raising events. This website documents the history and legacy of the Clamshell Alliance. Many people still consider themselves Clams (Alliance members) and continue working on current anti-nuclear and renewable energy campaigns and resources. This web site is a democratic, inclusive, and diverse tool for ongoing communication among activists and supporters. Here you will find discussions, news, updates on actions, resource links and the means to connect with each other.

The Clamshell Alliance opposes nuclear power.  We adhere to a non-violent code of discipline, which includes no destruction of property. In response to the nuclear power reactors disasters in Japan, a new groundswell of activism has been generated. See our action and news pages for more info. Many people are now contributing to this website. If you would like to submit a link or news, please email us at: contribute@clamshellalliance.net

The Legacy section is not a polished history told in one voice or from a single point of view, but rather represents the voice of the people in anecdotes, stories, analyses, interviews, and images of all the kinds of people who are the Clamshell Alliance. Here is a link to the Table of Contents in the Legacy section – this is where you will find all the Clamshell stories by various authors.

Email Clamshell Alliance: info@clamshellalliance.net

List serve:  A great way to keep up on energy and antinuclear discussion!

Subscribe at: https://groups.yahoo.com/group/clamshellalliance

Once you are subscribed, the messages are sent directly to your email inbox.

Links to Useful Resources:

Beyond Nuclear: www.beyondnuclear.org

Nuclear Information and Resource Service:  www.nirs.org

Safe and Green: www.safeandgreencampaign.org

Facebook:  https://facebook.com/ClamshellAlliance

Anti-nuclear organizers met at the Clamshell Alliance reunion 7/23, and made specific commitments to resist continued operation of the Vermont Yankee reactor. See the full notes, which include contact information to connect with organizers, link to Reunion Notes:


Occupy is protesting the inequities that come from socializing risk onto the 99% and privatizing profits for the 1%. The collapse of housing and financial markets is a good example.

Nuclear power is another case of how the public pays for energy choices that favor corporate profits and control. Public dollars concentrate profits to nuclear corporations, warping energy choices to support centralized, capital intensive electric generation. Decentralized renewables and energy efficiency lose out.


Astonishingly, it would have been cheaper to buy electricity on the open market and give it away, than to have built and operated the 104 privately owned U.S. nuclear power reactors! Since 1960, public subsidies to nuclear power companies are worth more than all the electric power their reactors generate.

The public props up the nuclear power industry through a complex mesh of:

Ø    Federal loan guarantees, now at $18.5 billion; Pres. Obama wants to raise them to $54 billion,
Ø    Accelerated depreciation for fuel and construction,
Ø    Ratepayers footing the bills for construction work before electricity is generated,
Ø    Tax abatements,
Ø    Long term operating costs for high level waste storage and reactor decommissioning,
Ø    Hidden costs of nuclear proliferation and necessarily heavy reactor security,
Ø    Limitations on disaster liability.

PUBLIC RISK, PRIVATE PROFIT. The Price Anderson Act of 1957 (extended to 2025) was enacted to protect the fledgling privately owned nuclear industry “against potentially enormous liability claims in the event of a nuclear accident.”

Ø    First, members of the public—homeowners, businesses— cannot get nuclear disaster insurance.
Ø    Insurance is limited to $300,000 per reactor issued by CT-based American Nuclear Insurers (ANI).
Ø    More extensive damages at any reactor are to be covered from a common pot every owner funds
Ø    The pot is about $11.6 billion, much too small considering:

  •    US government studies show potential losses could rise as high as $560 billion;
  •    The catastrophe at Chernobyl (different from US reactor models), cost about $350 billion;
  •    The disaster at Fukushima Daiichi (same models and ages as the VT Yankee, Indian Point, and Pilgrim reactors) could cost as much as $130 billion by Japanese government estimates.

In 2001, ANI’s senior vice president told Congress that without Price Anderson, the nuclear industry cannot be insured, so the industry itself is not viable without this massive liability cap.

JOBS FROM CONSERVATION AND SAFE RENEWABLES. No other energy source enjoys this colossal and market-distorting support of public dollars. Millions of jobs can be created by opting for decentralized renewables and energy efficiency, choices that can provide safe, reliable energy.

Ø    For every $1 million invested, solar, wind, and a smart electric grid create 14.25 jobs; nuclear: 4.2.
Ø    An all-out WPA-type energy efficiency program can provide massive employment. Rather than perpetuating the wartime economy, give soldiers and veterans nail guns and training to use them.
Ø    Replacing energy from a nuclear reactor (cost $41 billion; 2,400 jobs) by spending the same amount on retrofitting 3.2 million homes would create 440,000 jobs.
Ø    Conserving energy in every building in the US would pull the US out of this economic depression. We would save half the energy we use, and put ourselves firmly on the road to true energy security.

SOURCES: Union of Concerned Scientists (www.ucsusa.org); Nuclear Information and Resource Service (www.nirs.org); Beyond Nuclear (www.beyondnuclear.org); the Cato Institute (www.cato.org); Political Economy Research Institute (www.peri.umass.edu), Office for Sustainability, Southern NH University (https://www.snhu.edu/9474.asp ); Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School (environmentallaw.vermontlaw.edu).

Link to Occupy-Nuclear Power